July 26, 2009 - Oshkosh, Wisconsin - This
year marks the 60th anniversary of the North American T-28 Trojan, an
airplane that succeeded the venerable T-6 Texan advanced military trainer.
Photo by Jim
“Those who own and operate T-28s, veterans
who trained in them, and those who simply admire these airplanes are
invited to participate,” said Bill Fischer, executive director of the
EAA Warbirds of America.
As jets replaced piston aircraft following
World War II, the Air Force needed to upgrade its trainers. The T-6 had a
conventional landing gear (tailwheel) and was not suited to train pilots
advancing to tricycle-geared jets.
In September 1949, the XT-28 prototype made
its maiden flight, and soon T- 28As were rolling off the assembly line to
succeed T-6s as training aircraft for the United States. Nearly 1,200 A
models, powered by 800-hp Wright R-1300 engines, were produced between
In the early 1950s, the Navy began training
its pilots with T-28Bs, which had higher horsepower (1,425) Wright R-1820
engines, a three-blade prop, and other modifications for higher
performance. The C model, which got structural modifications and a tail
hook, was produced from 1955-57. B and C models were in use by the Navy
T-28s also saw combat as the French
Fennec in the 1950s and in Southeast Asia by the U.S. Air Force in the
early 1960s—with the D model, a modified T- 28A airframes with Wright
R-1820s and hard points on the wings for weapons stores.
There are currently between 250 and 300 T-28s
being flown today in several countries, including Australia, Canada,
France, New Zealand, and the United States. The FAA aircraft registry
database currently lists 372 T-28s of all variants (A, B, C, etc).
EAA Warbirds in Review will honor the T-28 on
Wednesday, July 29, in the morning (10 a.m.) session with Ed Gunter, Jack
Drummond, and Bob Hoover.
Engine: 1,425-hp Wright Cyclone
Empty weight: 6,424 pounds
Maximum takeoff weight: 8,500 pounds
Wingspan: 40 feet, 1 inch
Length: 33 feet
Height: 12 feet
Maximum speed: 343 mph
Service ceiling: 35,500 feet
Range: 1,060 nm